On February 18, the Government Office issued Document No. 1061 conveying the direction of Deputy Prime Minister Le Van Thanh on reviewing and completing the contents of the project on mobilizing social capital for structural investment. airport infrastructure.

Regarding the airport classification criteria, the Deputy Prime Minister noted the compliance with relevant laws, assessing the inadequacies of legal regulations related to investment, management and operation of airports. no, capital mobilization mechanism, ability to mobilize social capital, impact on security and defense and difficulties in implementation.

At the same time, the Deputy Prime Minister also requested to clarify the relationship of the above project with the "Project on decentralization and decentralization and solutions to mobilize resources for implementation of the National Airport System Master Plan" to determine the scope, objectives and solutions accordingly and report to the Prime Minister in February 2022.

Previously, the Ministry of Transport submitted a report to the Prime Minister for approval of the project on orientation of mobilizing social capital for investment in airport infrastructure.

In particular, the Ministry of Transport proposes to classify the airport system into 5 groups, as a basis for orienting to mobilize social capital for investment in airport infrastructure.

Group 1 includes 5 airports: Noi Bai, Da Nang, Cam Ranh, Long Thanh, and Tan Son Nhat. These are important international airports of the country, playing the role of gathering passengers and goods to connect to the domestic and international flight network, which is important for socio-economic development. of the country.

Group 2 includes 4 airports: Tho Xuan, Chu Lai, Phu Cat, Tuy Hoa. These are airports with military operations, regular military training, and airfield assets and land managed by the Ministry of Defense.

Group 3 includes 9 airports: Dien Bien, Na San, Dong Hoi, Pleiku, Buon Ma Thuot, Rach Gia, Ca Mau, Phu Quoc and Con Dao. According to the Ministry of Transport, these are airports in remote, mountainous and island areas with difficult balance of income and expenditure, with a planned capacity of less than 5 million passengers per year by 2030, except Phu Quoc airport.

Group 4 includes 5 airports: Cat Bi, Vinh, Phu Bai, Lien Khuong and Can Tho. These are airports with a planned capacity of more than 5 million passengers/year by 2030, potential for development, ability to attract investors and no regular military activities.

Group 5  is the new airports, including Sa Pa, Quang Tri, Lai Chau and potential airports such as Cao Bang, Hai Phong (Tien Lang), the second airport in the Capital region.

According to the report, the Ministry of Transport proposed to mobilize social capital to invest in the entire airport in the form of PPP. The ministry also proposed assigning the People's Committees of provinces with new airport planning to be the competent authority to invest in the form of PPP, to actively mobilize and balance resources and organize investment implementation.

By 2030, the total throughput of passengers through airports is about 275.9 million passengers and about 4.1 million tons of cargo.

The Ministry of Transport has prioritized investing in a number of large airports, playing a key role in the Hanoi Capital region such as Noi Bai and the Ho Chi Minh City area. Ho Chi Minh City, including Tan Son Nhat and Long Thanh airports. At the same time, gradually upgrade and effectively operate 22 existing airports and invest in 6 new airports to bring the total number of airports in the country put into operation to 28.